From Hybrid Peace to Human Security
Rethinking the EU Strategy towards Conflict
The Berlin Report
FES London and LSE (February 2016): Europe in the twenty-first century finds itself in the midst of interlocking crises. The EU as a new type of 21st century political institution should be equipped with a set of second generation human security instruments, as the Berlin Report states. This report is the result of a joint project of FES London and the LSE and provides a new framework for a common European Foreign and Security Policy, aiming at the stabilisation and sustainable resolution of ongoing conflicts.
The way towards a new common European Security and Defence Strategy
A joint project of the London School of Economics and the London office of the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
While the European Union is engaged in a process of strategic reflection on its external relations in a rapidly changing world it finds itself in the midst of interlocking crises. The EU’s review process of its foreign policy does involve a participatory phase of consultation with stakeholders over the course of one year until the EU’s High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini, will present the final proposal for an EU External Strategy at the EU Summit in June 2016.
In May 2015, the London School of Economics (LSE) and the London office of the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) initiated a joint project to contribute to this consultation process. Together with members of the Human Security Study Group, ideas for a strategy appropriate to address the twenty first century challenges were developed in order to bring forward a renewed concept of Human Security. The Study Group is led by LSE-Professor Mary Kaldor on behalf of Javier Solana, the former Secretary General of NATO and former European Union’s High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy.
In the first phase of the project, a total of twelve papers were commissioned to renowned international experts on security and peace issues, covering different geographical areas and topics:
Why Euopes's border security approach has failed - and how to replace it by Ruben Andersson
EU Policies in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Try and Fail by Valérie Arnould / Koen Vlassenroot
EU in the Western Balkans: Hybrid Development, Hybrid Security and Hybrid Justice by Vesna Bojicic-Dzelilovic/ Denisa Kostovica / Eleanor Randazzo
Review of EU policy for Ukraine by Tymofiy Mylanov/ Yuriy Zhukov/ Yuriy Gorodnichenko
EU approaches to Justice in Conflict and Transition by Iavor Rangelov/ Marika Theros/ Natasa Kandic
The construction of "European Security" in The European Union in a changing global environment: a systematic analysis by Sabine Selchow
Cybersecurity: a case for a European approach by Geneviève Schméder/ Emmanuel Darmois
Libya: Security, Economic Development and Political Reform by Mattia Toaldo
The Role of the EU in the Syrian Conflict by Rim Turkmani/ Mustafa Haid
A Human Security Strategy for European Union in the Horn of Africa by Alex de Waal/ Rachel Ibreck
Human Security Study Group Conference London
London December 17/18th 2015: Together with the LSE, FES London hosted a conference in London. The papers were presented by the authors and discussed against the background of the current engagement of the European Union in conflict-affected areas. The assembled experts gave feedback on the papers and elaborated policy recommendations which were integrated in the report of the Study Group following the conference.
Roundtable Meeting Berlin
Berlin February 11th 2016: The FES Berlin organised an expert roundtable meeting in order to discuss the draft report. Mary Kaldor and Javier Solana presented the main findings to the German security and defense community. The report was commented by Wolfgang Hellmich and Edelgard Buhlmann, both members of the social democratic parliamentary group in the German Bundestag. The feedback on the recommendations for the European Foreign and Security Policy were incorporated into the final version of the report.
Launch and Presentation "Berlin Report" Brussels
Brussels February 24th 2016: The final “Berlin Report” is the culmination of the project and aims to contribute to the EU’s strategic reflection. The report has been presented jointly by FES and the London School of Economics and Political Science to the team of High Representative Federica Mogherini at the European External Action Service. The public launch of the “Berlin Report” was hosted by the FES Brussels, it was introduced to more than 50 leading Brussels-based institutes and experts on European Foreign and Security Policy. The findings and recommendations have been presented by Javier Solana, former European Union High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy and Prof. Mary Kaldor from the LSE. Kati Piri, Member of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament, stressed the need for a realistic long-term approach towards EU external relations. Rim Turkmani, Iavor Rangelor and Valerie Arnould, authors of the report, enriched the debate with their experience in their respective field of research.